Pregnancy / Childbirth

Skin changes during pregnancy. Pay attention to all!

Skin changes are revealed during pregnancy in a large proportion of future mothers. This usually happens in the second trimester, when the hormones go crazy in the pregnant body. Skin eruptions may appear all over the woman's body: on the stomach, legs, arms or face. It is worth getting to know what skin changes can occur during pregnancy so that you know what the expectant mother may have to face. We invite you to read a short guide on skin changes that occur during pregnancy.

Chloasma - "pregnancy mask"

If we talk about skin changes in pregnancy, usually as the most characteristic efflorescence most will probably think about cool (melasma, melanoderma). Ostrich stains are formed due to too much melanin production. Their exact pathogenesis is unknown, but most scientists see it excessive hormonal activity during pregnancy or excess hormones when using oral contraception. Chloasma may also be affected by other hormonal abnormalities, e.g. irregular periods, thyroid problems and some medications.

Ostrich stains appear suddenly and rely on darkening of the skin around the lips, nose and eyes in pale women and on lightening of these areas in women with darker complexion. These eruptions also tend to darken when exposed to sunlight, which is why it is recommended to use creams with high UV filters. Pregnant chloasma usually disappears quite quickly after delivery, and when it appears unrelated to pregnancy, it should be consulted with a specialist.

The enemy of every woman - stretch marks

Although every woman will have to fight against stretch marks sooner or later, pregnant stretch marks are a special case. They appear in over 50% of pregnant women as a result of both hormonal changes and rapid stretching through the enlarging womb of the abdomen. They also often occur on the skin of the breast, hips and back area, i.e. in those regions of the body where, in preparation for delivery, an equal type of structural change occurs.

Stretch marks occur in the form of pale pink linear lines on the skin, which fade over time. In their case, a good role is played by proper skin care in these areas, which can significantly improve their appearance. In addition, it is extremely important to gain weight properly and not too strenuous exercise that will help maintain muscle fitness and body firmness. When fighting stretch marks, regularity is important, because only thanks to it will be possible to achieve aesthetic effects satisfying the future mother.

Skin discoloration and acne

A pregnant woman will notice at some pointdarkening of birthmarks on the body, nipples, as well as the white borderline, i.e. the line running along the navel. As mentioned earlier, this is due to increased production of melanin during pregnancy.

In addition to these kinds of changes, future mothers are quite often affected acne in pregnancy. This is due to the increased amount of hormones produced by the body, which leads to overproduction of sebum and clogging of sebaceous glands in the skinand thus to inflammation. Under no circumstances should you use acne preparations, as some of them may harm your child. In this situation, it may be necessary to reduce dietary fat, increase physical activity and provide good hydration. There is no point, however, to break down, as most cases disappear at the turn of the second and third trimester or immediately after delivery.

Itchy papules and urticarial foci during pregnancy - PUPPP (Multiform Pregnant Rash)

In this disease, skin eruptions take the form urticaria bubbles and papules. Occur on the limbs and torso, often accompanying stretch marks. This is one of the most common dermatological ailments during pregnancy, occurring mainly during the 3rd trimester, usually during the first pregnancy. It does not pose a threat to the mother or the fetus. Sometimes a pregnant woman may also have allergic nettle in the form of a generalized skin rash all over the body, which, however, disappears a few weeks after delivery.

Pregnancy cholestasis

This disease entity is associated with difficult bile secretion into the sac and accumulation inside the liver, which also results in yellowing of the skin. However, a side effect isa nagging itchy skin that initially covers the hands and feet. Scratching itchy spots causes the formation of reddened skin excoriations. In the severe form of the disease, weight loss may occur as a result of malabsorption due to inhibition of bile acid secretion and, consequently, fetal growth inhibition. This situation fortunately happens very rarely because usually cholestasis is mild.

Pregnant herpes

Pregnant herpes is a rare immune-mediated disease. Skin eruptions take the form of characteristic vesicles or papules, as well as larger emerging blisters on the torso near the navel. They also often affect the forearms, buttock area, rarely the face and scalp. The disease disappears after giving birth, however, it can affect the course of pregnancy - it can lead to inhibition of fetal development and increases the risk of premature delivery.

Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis

This relatively rare disease is the result hypersensitivity of the body to the level of progesterone intensively increasing at the beginning of pregnancy. Changes in its course resemble acne and subtract the backs of the hands and lower leg from the buttocks to the knees. In addition, there may also be pain and arthritis, and lung changes. Unfortunately, the risk of miscarriage increases during the course of the disease.

Papular dermatitis

Although these changes occur relatively rarely in pregnancy, they can become very distressing and unpleasant. They manifest themselves in the formitchy red lumps, which can be scratched into erosions and scabs by scratching. Usually, the changes involve the torso, but they can also spread to the limbs. Unfortunately, although papular dermatitis is not dangerous for a woman, it can in extreme cases cause even miscarriage or death of the fetus.

Fortunately, most skin changes occurring during pregnancy are harmless to both the mother and the fetus. Unfortunately, several of them may increase the risk of fetal growth retardation, premature delivery or even miscarriage. So let's carefully read them and remember what skin changes can herald the coming danger, so that you can see a doctor in time for help. Remember also that if you are not sure what is wrong with you, it is always worth consulting with a specialist - it is not only about your health, but also about the safety of your unborn child.